The heart is central to the body providing oxygen and nutrients.The cases of heart diseases are increasing at alarming pace, it is essential to be vigilant and do quick self check for symptoms of heart disease, then be quick to notice any change and take desirable action. Heart disease is frightening , most cases of sudden deaths are also caused by heart disease .Symptoms of heart failure are caused due to insufficient blood being pumped around the body to meet its needs
- Shortness of breath
- Fatigue , lethargy , loss of appetite
- Oedema , weight gain as a result of fluid retention
Heart is the cornerstone that maintains our life it works as a powerful pump, having rhythmical contractions , when it contracts blood is pumped out and when relaxes blood flows in , the blood pumped by the heart transports oxygen and nutrients to every part of the body while carrying away carbon dioxide and other waste products. In pumps about 8000 liters of blood every single day.
When the body is at rest , the heart usually beats 60-80 times a minute or about 100,000 times a day . Its amazing that the heart does not tire , beating continuously without interruption from birth to death .
Though the heart sometime suffers from problems and irregularities known as heart diseases .
What is heart failure?
Heart failure is a decline in the hearts pumping ability , the heart cannot pump sufficient blood to meet the body’s need, resulting in lack of oxygen and nutrients being supplied to the body , may be caused by change in heart muscle resulting from heart attack , high blood pressure , valvular heart disease , etc
What is heart transplant ?
Heart transplant or cardiac transplant is a surgical condition wherein a diseased heart is replaced with a healthy heart. It is a life-saving treatment providing a new lease of life.
Dr Christiaan Barnard, performed the first human to human heart transplant in the year 1967, since then the technology has much advanced.
When is heart transplant advised?
Heart transplant is advised when there is end stage heart failure and medical treatments are not helping. Advanced heart failure has a 70-80% chance of death if not treated cause as the heart starts malfunctioning the other organs also get damaged.
The cost of treatment in India ranges between USD 50,000 to 65,000 , with 2 weeks of in hospital stay ,also the patient is required to undergo pre transplant check up with battery of tests and investigations .For more details regarding cost , check Heart transplant Cost in India
What is the procedure for heart transplant?
Not all patients are recommended for heart transplant
Thus Cardiologist determines the eligibility for heart transplant and then you will be put onto the transplant waiting list till a donor heart that matches your tissue and blood type is available. Waiting period for heart transplant can range from 3 weeks to 3 months or more depending upon availability of wellmatched donor.
During Procedure a heart transplant usually takes between 4-6 hours. The procedure consists of
- The first stage is harvesting the heart from the donor.
- The second removing the recipients damaged heart in some cases it is left to support the donor heart.
- And lastly is implantation of donor heart.
After procedure immunosuppressive medicine prescribed, advised to make lifestyle changes such as avoiding smoking, doing regular physical activity, eating a healthy, balanced diet to control cholesterol and blood pressure, maintain hygiene to avoid infections, essential to attend all cardiology check-ups regularly.
Complications A heart transplant is a complex and risky procedure. The most common causes of failure following a transplant are infection and rejection. The patient has to take immune suppressive medicines to fight rejection for the rest of the life.
In case you are looking for treatment in India, medical counsellors at Vaidam can guide and connect you to the top medical experts and hospitals helping you make right healthcare choices .Vaidam is the first and only online medical facilitator in India accredited by NABH, an acknowledgment to the quality of care being provided to patients, safety standards and services.
Those people who receive a transplant, the long-term outlook is good. Survival rate is more than 75%after five years. Quality of life is usually good but you need to strictly follow heart healthy lifestyle and diet and take regular medication.
Wishing you all the best for your treatment.