In a hernia, one or several loops of the intestine exit the abdominal cavity through a weakened part of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall, and a rounded protrusion is formed. Depending on the location of the hernia may be inguinal or femoral. Abdominal Hernia can occur at any age. An inguinal hernia occurs in the area of the inguinal ligament, in the area where the anterior abdominal wall and the thigh are connected. This is the most typical place of hernia. The femoral hernia usually occurs in overweight women and in pregnant women and is located in the upper thigh below the inguinal ligament.
Causes Of Abdominal Hernia
The factors provoking the development of hernias include: obesity and overweight , congenital defects of the abdominal wall, chronic cough on the background of lung diseases, injuries or postoperative conditions in the abdominal cavity, expansion of the abdominal wall openings, hard physical labor, difficulty urinating , persistent constipation, accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity, flatulence .
Causes Of Hiatal Hernia
Causes of Hiatal hernia include –
- Tight clothing
- Abrupt physical exertion
- Muscle tension
- Injuries in the abdomen
Causes Of Inguinal Hernia
Causes of inguinal hernia include –
- Weight Lifting
- Muscle Tension During Defecation.
Symptoms Of Abdominal Hernia
The main signs of abdominal hernia: volumetric protrusion is soft to the touch, it may be rounded, may or may not be inserted into the abdominal cavity. The size of the formation can be different, the location of the hernia can be observed in the groin, navel, femoral canal, white line of the abdomen, in the area of postoperative scars. Most often, a hernial protrusion is painless. The danger is a strangulated hernia, as it is fraught with the development of necrosis.
Diagnosis Of Abdominal Hernia
The analysis of the history of the disease, history of life and complaints of the patient. The patient is examined, an ultrasound examination of the abdominal cavity, herniography, an ultrasound examination of the hernial protrusion is performed.
Treatment Of Abdominal Hernia
The only possible treatment of hernia is surgical. Conservative treatment of the disease can only be in uncomplicated form, as well as for elderly patients for whom the risk of performing the operation is extremely high. With conservative treatment, the patient is recommended to wear a bandage. Absolute indication for emergency surgery – compression of – any organ in the abdomen. In the postoperative period, the patient is advised to follow a diet, wear a supporting bandage, limit physical exertion.
Prevention Of Abdominal Hernia
It is necessary to reduce physical activity, an exercise in a moderate mode, it is important to maintain the tone of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall, eat rationally and balanced, it is necessary to abandon fatty and fried foods, eliminate overeating. Promptly empty the intestines.
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About The Author:
Amayra is a freelance writer and expert in health, fitness, beauty, and fashion. When she isn’t writing she can usually be found reading a good book or hitting the gym.