India has more than 200 kidney transplant centers, out of which one-third are in metropolitan cities.
More than 3,000 kidney transplants are carried out every year. However, 5,000 people still await.
Like heart or liver transplant, kidney transplantation is a replacement of a damaged kidney with a healthy one. In this process, the donor could be living or deceased. However, the doctors recommend to carry out this surgical procedure in case the patient’s kidney gets completely damaged or when the patient has chronic kidney disease.
What are kidneys? What is their basic functionality?
The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that form the main part of the renal system. Nephrons are the main components of the kidneys that filter harmful products and liquid waste from the blood in the form of the urine. In other words, it maintains fluidal balance in the body.
Kidneys filter around 180 liters of blood every day, maintain the production of red blood cells and regulate blood pressure. It also regulates the levels of different chemicals such as sodium, potassium, calcium, phosphorus in the body.
What are the causes that make kidneys dysfunctional?
Although the kidneys don’t show any signs until it is diagnosed, however, when the urine has a bulk of proteins, then it is a sign to worry about. Apart from this, there are many diseases responsible for damaging nephrons out of which the kidneys lose their filtration capability. It builds up a large amount of waste in the body that disturbs the blood pressure cycle and causes severe renal problems. They are:
- Diabetes: When the sugar level in the blood rises to an unexpected level, it directly affects these bean-shaped organs. Eventually, it leads to chronic kidney disease – diabetic nephropathy that steadily leads towards end-stage kidney failure.
- Hypertension: When the blood pressure level starts fluctuating, it results in irreversible kidney disease.
- Renal Artery Stenosis: It is narrowing of the renal artery that refrains the blood flow to the kidney. It is renovascular hypertension – a type of high blood pressure.
- Poly cystic Kidney Disease: When several large cysts are formed in the kidney that makes them dysfunctional, it leads to chronic kidney disease.
- Congenital Problems: These are the problems that a child brings along with him when he is born. In such conditions, the kidneys lose 90 percent of its functionalities.
When a person develops any of the above-mentioned diseases, it leads to chronic kidney disease. In such cases, the nephrologist prefers to conduct kidney transplant process as soon as possible. India has the best hospitals that are well-equipped with the latest, advanced technology along with a team of dedicated medical professionals. Reach out to a medical travel assistant company for multiple opinions, affordable medical treatment in India and more.
What are the possible signs of kidney disease?
More than 30 million people in the United States don’t know that they have chronic kidney disease. Also, it doesn’t show any sign until it is diagnosed. However, a person with a kidney disease undergoes several physical changes and they are:
- Lethargic: A kidney disease builds toxins and harmful substances in the blood. Therefore, a person gets extremely tired, fatigued, weak all of a sudden.
- Trouble Sleeping: Sleep apnea is directly associated with chronic kidney disease. When the kidneys lose its filtration ability, then a person faces sleeping problems.
- Urge to urinate: When you feel to urinate especially at nights, then it is a sign of kidney disease. When the kidneys are damaged, it makes you feel to urinate more. It also leads to enlarged prostate in men.
- Bloody, foamy urine: When the kidneys are damaged, the blood cells leak out through the urine. You may also notice excessive bubbles in the urine which indicates the presence of excess proteins in the urine.
- Puffy Eyes: The high amount of protein in the urine is an indication of the damaged kidneys. When protein extracts out through the urine, it leads to puffy eyes. This happens because the required amount of protein doesn’t stay in the body.
- Poor, weak appetite: Due to deposits of toxins and chemicals in the body, a person loses his hunger and develops a weak appetite.
- Cramped muscles: Lower calcium and phosphorus levels in the body may lead to muscle cramping.
Do you know? In the UK, 21 people develop kidney failure every day and there are nearly 45,000 deaths every year due to chronic kidney failure.
These are some of the common signs that can help you in detecting the level of kidney disease by yourself. Hence, for final clarification, you need to consult a good kidney specialist.
When a person suffers from end-stage kidney disease, then kidney transplant proves to be quite beneficial instead of dialysis. It offers a better quality of life as the success rate of the kidney transplant is 85 to 90 percent after one year. Also, the kidney transplant cost in India is almost 50 to 70 percent lesser as compared to other developed countries. Further, the patient survives longer as compared to dialysis.