If you or your loved ones have a serious heart problem and under such serious circumstances, your doctor suggests heart surgery. Most of you will think about open heart surgery in which a large incision is made in your chest that would take maximum recovery time.
But, do you know that it has an alternative too which has been introduced a few years ago? Yes, minimally invasive cardiac surgery is it. However, it totally depends on your current heart’s condition about what kind of surgery is required which is decided by your cardiac surgeon. Let’s discuss them and under what circumstances each of them is applicable.
As per the survey conducted in 2017, minimally invasive surgeries had a contribution of 86 percent of total robotic surgeries carried out in the United States.
What is Open Heart Surgery?
The term ‘Open Heart Surgery’ itself says a complex surgical procedure in which a large cut is made through your chest to get it corrected. This process is carried out when there is a problem with your:
- Arteries or
- Any other defect or dysfunctionality in your heart
How is it performed?
In conventional open-heart surgery, the time taken totally relates to the type of procedure carried out and the needs of the patient. For example, coronary artery bypass surgery takes 3 to 6 hours.
In this process, a 6-to-8 inch incision is done through the middle of the chest to access the heart. The cut goes through the breastbone. If required, the cardiac team might provide a heart-lung bypass machine to the patient as the heart functioning is actually paused during the procedure.
Role of Bypass machine: The machine actually takes over the heart’s pumping function and extracts blood from the heart via tubes. Then, the carbon dioxide is removed from the blood, oxygen is filled and it is sent into the body. This procedure is ‘on-pump’ surgery and when the machine is not used, then it is ‘off-pump’ surgery.
Although, it is not confirmed which one is successful: ‘off-pump’ or ‘on-pump. However, it has been concluded that the one-year survival rate chances of open heart surgery in either form are 96-97 percent.
What is Minimally Invasive Heart Surgery?
In this surgical procedure, your surgeon makes several small incisions between your ribs. Afterward, surgical instruments via a tiny camera are inserted through the incision. These tools are connected to the robotic arm and supervised by the surgeon.
This surgical procedure is carried out for several different cardiac procedures including coronary bypass, aneurysm repair and valve surgery.
What are the benefits associated with minimally invasive heart surgery?
As it requires smaller incisions, it has several benefits associated with it such as:
- Less painful
- Minimal scarring
- Shorter stays at hospital post surgery
- Requires less recovery time
- Lesser risk of infection and bleeding
If you want to get treated for heart conditions you’re going through, then India is the destination for affordable medical treatment. It has well-equipped hospitals, highly-qualified best cardiac surgeons in India, reach out to a well-established medical travel assistant company for medical visas and multiple opinions.
Cardiac surgeons nowadays prefer to perform minimally invasive cardiac surgery as it demands minimal pain and cosmetic loss as well as faster recovery time.
People treated with minimally invasive heart surgery are usually discharged after two to five days post surgery. It takes one to four weeks recovery period. However, your surgeon decides which surgery is best for you on the basis of your age, gender as well as overall health.